Mandarin Brazil

By Ana Paulina Lee

In Mandarin Brazil, Ana Paulina Lee, assistant professor of Latin Ameri- can and Iberian Cultures, explores Chinese exclusion in Brazil’s nation- building project, tracing the role of cultural representation in producing racialized national categories. Lee considers depictions of “Chinese- ness” in Brazilian popular music, literature, and visual culture, as well as archival documents and Brazilian and Qing dynasty diplomatic corre- spondence about opening trade andimmigration routes between Brazil and China. Mandarin Brazil begins during the second half of the 19th century, the transitional period when black slavery shifted to “yellow labor” and racial anxieties surged and explores Brazil’s whitening project, a fundamentally white supremacist ideology that intertwined the colonial racial caste system with new im- migration labor schemes.